PELANGGARAN MAKSIM DALAM MENCIPTAKAN HUMOR: STUDI PERBANDINGAN ANTARA HUMOR MADURA DAN HUMOR JAWA (Violation of Maxims in Creating Humour: A Comparative Study between Madurese and Javanese Humour)

Humairatul Hasanah


The aim of this research is to compare the type of flouting maxim in Madurese humor “Dullatep-Maliyeh” and Javanese humor “Bocah Ngapa(k) Ya” using the theory of Grice (1975) and the factors that influence the most flouting maxims in creating humors. This study uses descriptive qualitative method to analyze the flouting maxims. The data is taken from Youtube and consist of utterances used by the comedians in the Madurese humor and Javanese humor. The result show that Madurese humor use four types in flouting the maxim, those are maxim of relevance (2), maxim of quantity (6), maxim of quality (2), and maxim of manner (2). Meanwhile, in Javanese humor, the researcher only finds 3 types in flouting the maxims, those are maxim of relevance (8), maxim of manner (4), maxim of quantity (2), and maxim of quality (0). The differences in flouting the maxim between Madurese and Javanese humor is influenced by several factors, those are language and culture. Madurese humor mostly flouting the maxim of quantity, where the speakers in humor add too much information in a blunt and spontaneous way, because one of the characteristics of the Madurese is expressive and spontaneous. Meanwhile, in Javanese humor there are two dominant violations of maxims, namely relevance and manner. This is due to cultural factors, in which the Javanese in communicating using indirectness, so that, if used in humor it will create a violation of maxims whose purpose is to create a funny impression.


Flouting Maxim, Madurese humor, Javanese humor

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