REFLEKSI BUDAYA DALAM ONOMASTIKA DI SULAWESI SELATAN (Cultural Reflection of Onomastic in South Sulawesi)

David G. Manuputty


Language expresses cultural realities; expressing facts, ideas, events that can be transmitted through contact with the knowledge of the world; and reflects the attitudes, beliefs, and public opinion. It means, the words spoken reveal the phenomenon and reflects the behavior and perceptions of its native speakers.
For example:sea is located in the west of Makassar, so people in Makassar call the west direction as kalauk. However, people in Jeneponto call kalauk as south since the sea position is located in the southern. Similarly, naming the island of Kodingareng which etymologically consists of kodi ‘bad’ and areng ‘name’
becoming ‘bad name’ on account of its function as prostitution localization in the past. By using descriptive qualitative method supported by the data collection techniques, i.e. inventory of vocabulary and terminology, including etymology and toponymy, which also affects the naming of locations in South Sulawesi. This paper shows that there is a relationship between culture and speech community at the place where they exist; it is reputedly to be reflection of local culture in South Sulawesi.


culture, Buginese language, Makassarese language, Torajanese language

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