BERTUKAR TANGKAP DENGAN RAJA PENYAIR PUJANGGA BARU: PENGARUH AMIR HAMZAH TERHADAP CHAIRIL ANWAR (Seizing words with the King of the New Writer: The influence of Amir Hamzah on Chairil Anwar)

Dipa Nugraha

Abstract


This article aims to describe the influence of the poem “Padamu Jua” by Amir Hamzah on two poems written by Chairil Anwar, “Di Mesjid” dan “Doa.” It is a qualitative study. The study was conducted using close reading. The result of the analysis showed that Chairil Anwar useds symbolic expressions from Amir Hamzah’s poem. Nevertheless, Chairil Anwar transformeds these symbolic expressions creatively based on his situation in adaptation with his situation when making his poems. The poems where analysed in this study showed a distance issue between the poets and their God.

Abstrak
Artikel penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pengaruh sajak “Padamu Jua” karya Amir Hamzah yang tampak di dalam dua sajak karya Chairil Anwar yang berjudul “Di Mesjid” dan “Doa.” Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan pembacaan cermat (close reading). Hasil pembacaan cermat menunjukkan bahwa meski kedua sajak Chairil Anwar yang menjadi objek pembacaan menunjukkan jejak pengaruh ekspresi simbolik Amir Hamzah namun Chairil Anwar secara kreatif mentransformasikan ekspresi simbolik tersebut sesuai dengan situasinya. Sajak-sajak yang dianalisis juga menunjukkan adanya masalah jarak antara kedua penyair dengan Tuhan.


Keywords


Amir Hamzah; Chairil Anwar; close reading; intertextuality; creative process; pembacaan cermat; intertekstualitas; proses kreatif

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/sawer.v26i2.734

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