HABITUS DAN MODAL DAENG KANDURUAN ARDIWINATA DI ARENA KESUSASTRAAN SUNDA MODERN (Habitus and Capital of Daeng Kanduruan Ardiwinata in Modern Sundanese Literature Arena)

Cucum Cantini

Abstract


Abstract

As an editor at Balai Pustaka, D.K Ardiwinata has produced works in the field of Sundanese literature. His novel entitled "Baruang Kanu Ngarora" became the first Sundanese literature novel-formed as well as the pioneer of literature modern Sundanese authorship. Since then, Ardiwinata is known as a Sundanese writer who moved the tradition of traditional literary writing into the tradition of modern literary writing in West Java. Although it is of descendants of Sulawesi, does not prevent Ardiwinata from being productive in the realm of Sundanese education and literature in West Java. Moreover, he is much appreciated through awards from various parties.

Ardiwinata has the opportunity to gain formal education and religious education from his position as nobleman. It sets the habitus to be placed in the comfort of learning and tenacity in getting knowledge. Social and cultural capital was obtained from the Dutch Government and from the rank of nobility. Position as a teacher as well as editor in Balai Pustaka used to be a creative and independent Sundanese writer who discuss about modernity through novel. During his lifetime, Ardiwinata has written 93 literary works and 47 non-literary works.

Keywords: Daeng Kanduruan Ardiwinata, Sundanese writer, habitus, capital

Abstrak

Sebagai seorang redaktur di Balai Pustaka, D.K Ardiwinata telah melahirkan karya-karya dalam bidang literatur Sunda. Novelnya yang berjudul “Baruang Kanu Ngarora” menjadi sastra Sunda berbentuk novel pertama sekaligus pelopor kepenulisan sastra Sunda modern. Sejak itu, Ardiwinata dikenal sebagai sastrwan Sunda yang menggerakkan tradisi penulisan sastra tradisional ke tradisi penulisan sastra modern di Jawa Barat. Meskipun keturunan Sulawesi, tidak menghambat Ardiwinata untuk produktif dalam ranah pendidikan dan kesusastraan Sunda di Jawa Barat. Terlebih, dirinya banyak diapresiasi melalui penghargaan-penghargaan dari beragam pihak.

Ardiwinata memiliki kesempatan untuk mendapatkan pendidikan formal dan pendidikan agama dari posisinya sebagai bangsawan. Hal itu membentuk habitusnya untuk berada pada kenyamanan belajar serta ketekunannya dalam mendapatkan ilmu. Modal sosial dan kultural didapatkannya dari Pemerintah Belanda dan dari gelar kebangsawanannya. Posisinya sebagai pengajar sekaligus redaktur di Balai Pustaka memberinya kesempatan untuk menjadi seorang sastrawan Sunda yang dengan kreatif dan bebas menuliskan gagasannya mengenai modernitas melalui novel. Semasa hidupnya, Ardiwinata telah menulis sebanyak 93 karya sastra dan 47 karya non-sastra.

Kata kunci: Daeng Kanduruan Ardiwinata, Sastra Sunda, habitus, modal.


Keywords


Pierre Bourdieu, D.K Ardiwinata, Habitus

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/sawer.v24i2.523

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