PENGUASAAN BUDAYA INDONESIA DALAM TULISAN IMAJINATIF (STUDI KASUS SISWA DI SACRED HEART GIRLS COLLEGE, AUSTRALIA) (Mastering Indonesian Culture in Imaginative Writing (Student Case Study in the Sacred Heart Girls College, Australia))

Derri Ris Riana

Abstract


Learning Indonesian culture and Indonesia language for forigners (BIPA) is quite closely related. However, there have been many researches regarding cultural mastery of BIPA students in imaginative writing. By using literary anthropological method supported by Kroeber and Kluckhohn, this research aims to reveal Indonesian cultural images in imaginative writing of BIPA students in Sacred Heart Girls College and the connection between Indonesian cultural mastery and the complete of the story. The result shows the category of Indonesian culture in sixth imaginative writings, are normative behavior (“Berubah Menjadi Tikus” and “Sesuatu di Balik Bantal”), custom (“Burung Toti” dan “Lima Hari”), history on social heritage and tradition (“Blangkon”), psychology, arrangement (“Sesuatu di Balik Bantal”), and psychology, learning (“Terlewat Perjalanan dari Bantal”). Indonesian cultural mastery and the complete elements of story are interrelated. If culture footing is good, the story will be complete. The incompleteness of a story is seen from the unwell conveyed description, character, and culture shows their lack of understanding of Indonesian culture.


Abstrak

Pemahaman budaya Indonesia dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia bagi penutur asing (BIPA) cukup erat kaitannya. Akan tetapi, belum banyak penelitian tentang penguasaan budaya pemelajar BIPA dalam tulisan imajinatif. Dengan menggunakan metode antropologi sastra yang didukung oleh pendekatan budaya dari Kroeber dan Kluckhohn, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap gambaran budaya Indonesia dalam tulisan imajinatif pemelajar BIPA di Sacred Heart Girls College dan keterkaitan antara penguasaan budaya Indonesia dan kelengkapan unsur-unsur cerita. Hasil penelitian menggambarkan kategori budaya Indonesia dalam keenam cerita, yaitu perilaku normatif (“Berubah Menjadi Tikus” dan “Sesuatu di Balik Bantal”), kebiasaan (“Burung Toti” dan “Lima Hari”), sejarah pada warisan sosial dan tradisi (cerita “Blangkon”), psikologi, pengaturan (cerita “Sesuatu di Balik Bantal”), psikologi, dan pembelajaran (cerita “Terlewat Perjalanan dari Bantal”). Penguasaan budaya Indonesia dan kelengkapan unsur-unsur cerita saling terkait. Jika pijakan budaya tidak kuat, cerita yang disampaikan tidak utuh. Ketidaklengkapan cerita itu terlihat pada penyampaian latar tempat dan tokoh, serta budaya yang tidak detail sehingga menunjukkan kekurangpekaan budaya Indonesia.


Keywords


Indonesian language for foreigners; imaginative writing; culture; story elements; BIPA; tulisan imajinatif; budaya; unsur cerita

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baldwin, John R, dkk. 2006. “A Moving Target: The Illusive Definition of Culture” dalam Redefining Culture: Perspective Across the Disciplines. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Jumadi. 2017. Wacana, Kekuasaan, Pendidikan Bahasa. Pustaka Pelajar: Yogyakarta

Levine, Robert A. 2009. Culture, Behaviour, and Personality: An Introduction to the Comparative Study of Psychosocial Adaptation. Unites States of America: Library of Congress.

Marsudi, Sujanti. Dealing with Text Types in Indonesian. Victoria: Victorian School of Language Department of Education and Training.

McNamee, Maurice B, dkk. 1971. Literary Types and Themes. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. 1998. Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

--------------- . 2013. Sastra Anak: Pengantar Dunia Anak. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Parsons, Falcott. 1972. “Culture and Sosial System Revisited”. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42858956. Diakses tanggal 13 Maret 2018

Poyatos, Fernando (Ed.). 1988. Literary Antropology: A New Interdisciplinary Approach to People, Signs, and Literature. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2006. Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Semi, Atar. 1988. Anatomi Sastra. Padang: Angkasa Raya.

Suyitno, Imam. 2017. “Pemahaman Budaya dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia bagi Penutur asing (BIPA)”. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315456935. Diakses tanggal 12 April 2018.

Thahar, Harris Effendi. 1999. Kiat menulis Cerita Pendek. Angkasa: Bandung.

Weiss, Gerald. 1973. “A Scientific Concept of Culture”. Http://www.jstor.org/stable/67403. Diakses tanggal 13 Maret 2018.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/sawer.v24i2.508

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 SAWERIGADING

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

SAWERIGADING INDEXED BY:

 Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) WorldCat 

 

________________________________________________________________________________

@2016 Sawerigading, Balai Bahasa Prov. Sulawesi Selatan dan Prov. Sulawesi Barat. Powered by OJS  

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.